Antony Gormley is one of several artists who contributed to the £60 million Peckham regeneration project which commenced in 1994. For this Gormley created individually designed lamp-posts, pavements and other street furniture. These bollards, made to the height of more standard versions, were then sited on Bellenden Road, in South London where Gormley also has his studio. Based on the forms of a simple oval, snowman, peg and penis, the bollards are cast in iron and allowed to rust naturally. Inevitably the reception of the unconventional Bollards in Peckham was controversial, and reached the attention of the London press. Whilst the local council withdrew their funding for the bollards, naming the design as controversial, local traders stepped in to fund the project themselves. Ironically, the bollards do not actually require planning permission due to their standard size and remain to this day a prominent feature of the area. The forms of the bollards are refined to basic symbols for the subjects they represent, and consequently have a startling presence. Their substantial volume and differing profiles harmonise through their regular height and placement. The bollards show a different aspect of Gormley's working method. Unlike the majority of his sculptures they are not casts of his own body, but pieces, which are designed to be both sculptural and functional.